Trends and Utilization of Laser Prostatectomy in Ambulatory Surgical Procedures for the Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in New York State (2000-2011).

Journal Journal of Endourology
Authors
Chughtai Bilal I., Simma-Chiang Vannita, Lee Richard, Isaacs Abby, Te Alexis E., Kaplan Steven A., and Sedrakyan Art.
Year Published 2014
Link to Publication

Abstract Introduction: There has been a significant change in surgical treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) over the last two decades. Most importantly, laser surgery (coagulation, vaporization, or enucleation) has been growing in popularity as an alternative to standard transurethral prostatectomy (TURP) or other procedures. Our goal was to analyze the trends of BPH surgeries and compare outcomes of laser surgery to TURP, the two most common alternative surgeries. Materials and Methods: We used the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperation System (SPARCS) data to identify patients diagnosed as having BPH who underwent BPH-related surgery from October 2000 to December 2011. Age, insurance, individual comorbidities, and average hospital volumes were assessed. Bivariate and multivariate regression models were used to analyze predictors of laser use. In-hospital outcomes were then compared between laser and TURP in a balanced propensity-matched cohort. Results: Ninety thousand six hundred seventy patients underwent BPH surgery. Laser surgery usage increased from 6.4% to 44.5% over 10 years (p<0.0001). TURP declined significantly from 72.2% to 48.3% (p<0.0001). Patients with Medicaid were less likely to undergo laser therapy than those with private insurance (odds ratio [OR]: 0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.48, 0.69). Mid- and high-volume institutions were more likely to use laser treatment than low-volume centers (OR: 2.26, 95% CI: 1.22, 4.2; OR: 4.07, 95% CI: 1.75, 9.46, respectively). In the matched cohort, both laser and TURP patients had similar complication rates with more frequent electrolyte disorders in TURP patients (2.9% vs 2.3%, p=0.001). Conclusions: TURP remains the most common procedure. However, the rate of use has declined over time. In contrast, laser use has significantly increased. Laser treatment was utilized more in younger patients, in those privately insured, in hospitals with high volumes of BPH procedures, and in patients with fewer comorbid conditions. Both surgeries are safe with no differences in terms of occurrences of morbidity and complications.